The Mahabodhi Society of India was established by the Sri Lankan pilgrim Anagarika Dhammapala in May 1891, and has been accredited with spawning a new lease of life into Buddhism in India. He arrived in Bodhgaya and was astonished to find the ancient Mahabodhi Temple under the control of a Hindu Brahmin priest, and the Buddha's image replaced with a Hindu idol. Anagarika started a massive protest and even filed a lawsuit against the priests. Slowly but surely, his society emerged victorious and took on the responsibility of renovating ancient neglected Buddhist sites in Bodhgaya, Sarnath and Kushinagar, all of which are crucial pilgrimage points for worshipers. Today this society has branches even in Kolkatta, Orissa, New Delhi, Chennai, Ajmer, Lucknow and Bangalore.