The year 1859 was a turning point for the city of Yokohama when its port became one of the first to open itself to foreign trade after the long-standing isolation of Japan following the end of the Edo period. From a small fishing village to Japan's second largest city, the rapid transformation of Yokohama is truly a miraculous one. This extravagant metropolis is home to more than its fair share of expats and boasts one of the world's largest Chinatowns. Its more contemporary quarters are exemplars of modernity, thanks to the proliferation of snazzy bars, international restaurants, and a scintillating nightlife. The surreal Osanbashi Pier is the defining feature of the city's spectacular waterfront, while museums like the Yokohama Port Museum and Yokohama Art Museum largely offer cultural nourishment. The sprawling Yokohama Stadium is another of the city's contemporary highlights, as is the urban neighborhood of Minato Mirai 21. From its beautiful shrines and lush gardens to modern landmarks like the Marine Tower, Yokohama is a tourist-friendly city that benefits from the unstuffy attitude of its locals.