With Phnom meaning 'hill' in Khmer, legend has it that Phnom Penh was named after this small hill. Rising above its surrounding plains, this Buddhist Wat is strategically situated in the heart of the city. Full of legend and lore, Wat Phnom is touted to be one of the highest points in the city. Though the wat is certainly not the biggest in Phnom Penh, it is the focus of the city, particularly during Khmer New Year, when crowds gather to celebrate the auspicious day. Having received many reconstructions over the years, this temple shelters a magnificent, bronze-built statue of Buddha. Complete with a tapestry of shrines, murals and paintings depicting the spiritual journey of Buddha, Wat Phnom also harbors the remains of King Ponhea Yat.