This masterpiece of Moorish architecture is one of the most inspiring set of buildings in Spain and is consequently the country's most visited historic site. A visual feast of intricate details, splendid courtyards and opulent ornaments, Alhambra is a place where artistic flourishes abound amid stately facades. The complex is made up of three parts: a fortress (Alcazaba), royal palaces (Alhambra) and a summer palace with luxuriant gardens (Generalife). The buildings date mainly from the 13th and 14th Centuries, after the Arabic Nasrid prince, Ibn al-Ahmar, made Granada an independent Moorish state. Each succeeding Nasrid ruler continued to beautify the royal palaces, combining wood, plaster, marble, brick and ceramic tiles with Arabic calligraphy, the scene enriched by tranquil waterways and babbling fountains amid landscaped gardens alive with birdsong.