Romeo et Juliette is an opera in five acts by 19th Century French composer Charles Gounod and is based on the play Romeo and Juliet by English playwright William Shakespeare. After premiering in Paris in 1867, Gounod's Romeo et Juliette was particularly popular with audiences, despite the fact that some critics tended to view the opera's graceful, almost pastoral atmosphere to be somewhat in conflict with the tragedy so inherent to Shakespeare's play. However, having already established himself as a popular composer first and foremost, most audiences were able to overlook Gounod's glittering musical portrayal of Shakespeare's tragedy, and the opera was an immediate success amongst Parisian opera lovers; the work even inspired a parody soon after its premier entitled Rhum et eau en juillet (pronounced as "rum-eh-o en juli-eh"), or Rum and Water.
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