Hillary Rodham Clinton is an American politician who served as New York Senator, First Lady, the 67th United States Secretary of State, and the Democratic nominee for President in 2016. Born and raised in Chicago, she attended Wellesley College and earned her JD at Yale Law School. After moving to Arkansas, she began her life-long career of breaking gender boundaries. In 1978, she became the first female chair of the Legal Services Corporation, and in 1979 became first female partner at the Rose Law firm. When her husband Bill Clinton took office as President of the United States in 1993 she became the first-ever First Lady to have an office in the West Wing. Despite pressure from the media and general public to conform to the conventional First Lady role, Clinton instead became an advocated for both gender equality and healthcare reform. She ran for Senate in 2000 and became the first female Senator from New York, a position she was re-elected for in 2006. As Senator, she ushered New York City through the aftermath of the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks, leading the effort to raise 21 billion dollars for the World Trade Center redevelopment and investigating the health issued suffered by 9/11 first responders. Clinton was a strong supporter of President George W. Bush's wars in Afghanistan and Iraq, a position that put her at odds with many Democrats when she first ran for President in 2008. Though she failed to become the party's nominee, losing to then Senator Barack Obama, Clinton became the first woman to run in every Presidential caucus and primary. Under the subsequent Obama administration, she was named Secretary of State. During her tenure, she facilitated the US through tumultuous foreign policy obstacles such as saving the historic Turkish-Armenian accord, which opened border between the long-time hostile nations. Her run as Secretary of State was also filled with controversy in the form of the 2012 attack in Benghazi and the ongoing speculation about her private email server, two issues that went on to define her second Presidential run in 2016. After a heavily contested primary election against Senator Bernie Sanders, Clinton clinched the 2016 Democratic Nomination for President, making history once again by becoming the first woman to do so. In virtually every national poll, she held the lead over her Republican opponent for the majority of the contest and only dropped in the polls for a few weeks after FBI Director James Comey made public comments about her email investigation in July of 2016. In what can only be described as the most bizarre Presidential Election in US history, Clinton lost the general election to the Republican candidate despite winning the popular vote by nearly three million votes. Clinton went on to comment that she would never run for office again, but she continues to serve the American people as a private citizen. She debuted her political action committee Onward Together in 2017 with goal of honoring the 66 million Americans who voted for her and the vision of fairer and more inclusive nation.