Led by singer/songwriter, musician and producer Trent Reznor, Nine Inch Nails is an industrial rock band that was formed in 1988. Mixing alternative rock with industrial music, the band helped popularize industrial rock starting with its 1989 debut album, Pretty Hate Machine. Due to several issues with its label TVT, Nine Inch Nails signed with Interscope Records for its 1994 follow-up LP, The Downward Spiral. Now considered a landmark record, the album offered a broad range of tones and textures to go along with its central narrative, calling attention to Reznor from mainstream artists who hailed him as one of the most influential people in music. The band has since continued to release music, including 2005's With Teeth and 2008's experimental Ghost I-IV. Though Nine Inch Nails appears as a band during live performances, Reznor remains the soul songwriter and permanent member.